what does mark mean
Those are called Wildcards (globbing patterns)
Standard wildcards (also known as globbing patterns) are used by various command-line utilities to work with multiple files.
Standard wildcards are used by nearly any command (including mv, cp, rm and many others).
this can represent any single character. If you specified something at the command line like "hd?" GNU/Linux would look for hda, hdb, hdc and every other letter/number between a-z, 0-9.
this can represent any number of characters (including zero, in other words, zero or more characters). If you specified a "cd*" it would use "cda", "cdrom", "cdrecord" and anything that starts with “cd” also including “cd” itself. "m*l" could by mill, mull, ml, and anything that starts with an m and ends with an l.
specifies a range. If you did m[a,o,u]m it can become: mam, mum, mom if you did: m[a-d]m it can become anything that starts and ends with m and has any character a to d inbetween. For example, these would work: mam, mbm, mcm, mdm. This kind of wildcard specifies an “or” relationship (you only need one to match).
terms are separated by commas and each term must be the name of something or a wildcard. This wildcard will copy anything that matches either wildcard(s), or exact name(s) (an “or” relationship, one or the other).
For example, this would be valid:
This will copy anything ending with .doc or .pdf to the users home directory. Note that spaces are not allowed after the commas (or anywhere else).
This construct is similar to the [ ] construct, except rather than matching any characters inside the brackets, it'll match any character, as long as it is not listed between the [ and ]. This is a logical NOT. For example rm myfile[!9] will remove all myfiles* (ie. myfiles1, myfiles2 etc) but won't remove a file with the number 9 anywhere within it's name.
What Does That CE Mark Mean on Your Electronic Products?
The CE mark can be found on consumer products everywhere – just take a look inside the back of your mobile phone, tablet, computer, TV, camera or kitchen appliances and it’s bound to show up. It’s used on industrial and commercial equipment, too; you likely subconsciously see it on your morning commuter train, in the cafe at lunchtime, and on the equipment in the gym after work.
But what does that familiar product marking mean? We break it down in simple terms in the infographic below.
What Does ‘Assignment of a Trade Mark’ Mean?
Assignment of a trade mark is a commonly used phrase in intellectual property law. But what does it actually mean? In short, assigning a trade mark means transferring ownership from one party to another. Assignment is then a voluntary act and differs from a transmission of a trade mark which operates by law (i.e. upon the trade mark owner’s death).
You can assign your trade mark to anyone provided that the assignee is:
- A separate legal entity,
- Can hold property, and
- Can acquire ownership in a mark.
In particular, the trade marks Registrar does not have any discretion with regards to the recording of assigned marks. Provided the assignee meets the procedural requirements and advises the Registrar of the change in ownership, he or she is bound to record the same on the register.
Trade marks are registered under classes of goods and/or services. There are forty-five classes in total. Classes one to thirty-four cover goods, while classes thirty-five to forty-five cover services.
So why is this important? Trade marks can be assigned in whole or in part. A full transfer occurs when a trade mark’s owner assigns the ownership contained in all of the goods and/or services claimed by the mark. Comparatively, a partial assignment is effected when the trade mark’s existing owner elects to transfer the trade mark to a new owner with respect to only some of the goods and/or services. It is possible to achieve a partial transfer by either:
- transferring one or more whole classes of goods and/or services (in a multi-class application); or
- transferring some of the items of goods and/or services claimed under one or more classes.
Under a partial assignment, any limitations that applied to the original trade mark application will also apply to the assigned trade mark.
Assignment of Certification Trade Marks
The assignment of a certification trade mark carries additional requirements. If the certification mark is the subject of an application for registration but has not yet been examined, its assignment may proceed as normal. However, if the certification mark has already been sent to the Australian Competition and Consumer Commission (ACCC), the assignment will not be recorded without the written consent of the ACCC.
A third party can object to the recording of an assignment if he or she claims an interest in the assigned trade mark. To do so, they must first obtain a court order halting the transfer process until the action is finalised.
If you would like to know more about the assignment of trade marks, please get in touch on 1300 544 755. LegalVision’s experienced trade mark lawyers would be delighted to answer any questions and assist you.